After schooling, mostly everyone follow the same routine, i.e taking up any of the +2 courses, continuing their studies up to graduation or post graduation; or taking an entrance exam to get admission into medical/ engineering or any other professional field. But for those who are not too keen on taking up +2 after 10th standard, but want to get basic training skills in a trade, they have an option of taking up technical education provided by Industrial training institutes (ITI).
Nowadays people are becoming more aware about the scope for technical education. The need for skilled personnel in various technical fields is increasing day by day, due to the changing economic and industrial scenario of the world. In India, the demand for man power labour has grown exponentially, by the rapid invasion of factories, ports and ships which results in the rise of numerous technical jobs. Here comes the significance of technical education which plays a vital role in creating skilled manpower for industries. Technical education is a diverse field providing courses and trades in the areas of engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy, applied arts and crafts, hotel management, catering technology etc.
Industrial Training Institutes (ITI’s) and Industrial Training Institutes (PRIVATE) are pioneers in the field of technical education which provide support i.e basic skills to an individual to become self reliant in the trade they choose. ITI’s are government-run organisations whereas ITI (PRIVATE) are privately-run training organisations, both operating under the general guidance of the Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union government of India. ITC’s are self financing and provide same courses as that of ITI’s. Courses in these institutes are designed to impart technical knowledge to the youngsters and offers training in engineering and non-engineering technical fields, such as in trades like electrician, machinist, fitter, plumber, turner, welder, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic, computer hardware etc. Trade Test or qualifying test for both ITI and ITC trainees are also common i.e All India Trade Test (AITT)
Eligibility & Course Areas
A pass in 10th standard (SSLC/ matriculation) or equivalent is the minimum eligibility
required to obtainadmission to ITI / ITI(PRIVATE), that are made usually in the month of August every year.
The duration of the trade/ course may vary from one year to three years, depending on the field chosen.
Some of the courses/ trades offering in the ITI’s/ ITI(PRIVATE)’s are given below :
Attendant Operator (Chemical Plant)
Information Technology & Electronics System Maintenance
Instrument Mechanic (Chemical Plant)
Interior Decoration and Designing
Laboratory Assistant (Chemical Plant)
Maintenance Mechanic (Chemical Plant)
Marine Engine Fitter
Mason (Building Constructor)
Mech. Communication Equipment Maintenance
Mech. Repair & Maintenance of Heavy Vehicles
Mech. Repair & Maintenance of Light Vehicles
Mech. Repair & Maintenance of Two Wheelers
Mechanic (Motor Vehicle)
Mechanic (Radio & TV)
Mechanic (Refrigeration and Air-Conditioner)
Mechanic Agricultural Machinery
Mechanic Auto Electrical and Electronics
Mechanic Computer Hardware
Mechanic Consumer Electronics
Mechanic Industrial Electronics
Mechanic Lens/Prism Grinding
Mechanic Machine Tools Maintenance
Mechanic Medical Electronics
Mechanic-cum-Operator Electronics Communication System
Operator Advanced Machine Tools
Plastic Processing Operator
Radiology Technician (Radio Diagnosis & Radiotherapy)
Sanitary Hardware fitter
Sheet Metal Worker
Tool & Die Maker (Dies & Moulds)
Tool & Die Maker (Press Tools, Jigs & Fixtures)
Welder (Gas and Electric)
Non- Engineering Trades
Baker and Confectioner
Cane Willow and Bamboo Work
Catering & Hospitality Assistant
Computer Aided Embroidery & Needle Work
Computer Operator and Programming Assistant
Corporate House Keeping
Craftsman Food Production (General)
Craftsman Food Production (Vegetarian)
Cutting & Sewing
Data Entry Operator
Dental Laboratory Technician
Desk Top Publishing Operator
Domestic House Keeping
Driver Cum Mechanic (Light Motor Vehicle)
Embroidery and Needle Work
Event Management Assistant
Floriculture & Landscaping
Front Office Assistant
Hair and Skin care
Health Sanitary Inspector
Hospital House Keeping
Hospital Waste Management
Institution House Keeping
Leather Goods Maker
Library & Information Science
Litho – Offset Machine Minder
Manufacture of Footwear
Multimedia Animation & Special Effect
Office Assistant cum Computer Operator
Old Age Care
Pre/Preparatory School Management (Assistant)
Preservation of fruits and vegetables
Travel & Tour Assistant
Textile Wet Processing Technician
Weaving of Silk and Woolen Fabrics
Weaving of Woolen Fabrics
All the courses/ trades are affiliated to Director General of Employment and Training (DGET) and
are conducted as per the curriculum prescribed by the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT).
Certain ITI’s provide short term courses exclusively designed for overseas employment.
10th passed students to B.Tech students can utilize this course.
The trades in ITI are classified into several training schemes. Among the various training schemes,
Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) and the Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) are
the most important that provide pre-employment training. CTS provides long term institutional training.
As Training imparted in Institutions alone is not sufficient for acquisition of skills,
it needs to be supplemented by training in the actual work place. ATS is a combination of institutional
and on-the-job training that provides skilled manpower to the industry.
Depending on the trade, educational qualifications for admission to ITIs under the CTS and ATS
vary from class 8th to 12th grade and also the duration. CTS aims at producing semi-skilled
workers and the pass out CTS trainees can enter into apprenticeship. The duration of ATS ranges
from six months to four years and the graduate apprentices are considered as skilled workers.
Qualifying Test :
On completion of desired period of training under CTS and ATS, the candidates are qualified to
appear in the All India Trade Test (AITT) conducted by NCVT (National Council for Vocational training).
The test is conducted twice a year, July/ August and January/February. Successful candidates
passing out AITT, are awarded the National Trade Certificate (NTC) and National
Apprenticeship Certificates (NAC) in the concerning trade by NCVT. NTC and NAC are
recognized qualification for recruitment to relevant posts and services in Central/
State Government establishments as well as in private and corporate sectors and industries
Job Prospects & Career Options
After completing the engineering trading course in ITI, one can
go for higher studies like diploma in engineering. There are also
specialized short-term courses for certain trades, offered in Advanced
Training Institutes (ATI’s), which enhances the skills of candidates.
Most industries/ companies acceptITI graduates only as apprentices and
they train them for a period of 6 months to 1-2 years, depending
on the company. They may be considered suitable for employment
only after the training period. Reputed ITI’s andITC’s have their own placement cells and candidates after completing their trades may be directly recruited to the companies.
Based on the trade opted, ITI qualified candidates can apply for jobs in the private sector and public sector. Electronics, welder, refrigeration and air-conditioner mechanic trade are the trades in ITI’s, which are mostin demand. Since electronics is the basic of almost every field, it has got a vast scope. Electronic mechanic
trade graduates can find opportunities in Information technology firms and in the manufacturing units ofelectronics equipment. Both welders and air-conditioner mechanics have much scope in India and Abroad. The major job openings of an A/C mechanic are in the different sections of the Public Service Commission (PSC)and in railways, as technicians, instructors etc. Opportunities for fitters are immense in on shore and off shore areas
such as oil and gas, factories, shipyards etc. Those with electrician trade can find openings in the electricity board /department for which the recruitment is through PSC (Public service Commission) Exams.
Job opportunities are also available in government organizations like Indian Army, Indian Navy, Air force,
Railways, Telecom and paramilitary forces like BSF (Border Security Force), CRPF (Central Reserve Police
Force) etc. Besides these, ITI passed out candidates can find self employment by
setting up their own garage, winding shops, fabrication shops etc.
The remuneration of the ITI trainees depends mainly on their trades. Most of them are appointed as apprentices and during the apprentice period, the candidate will be paid a fixed amount as stipend per month as per rules of the company. Majority of the company/ organisation prefer ITI trainees with work experience. Depending on their trades, the initial pay scale may vary accordingly : Technicians/ Mechanics (Rs.6000/- to 10000/-); Fitter (Rs.4000/- to 6000/-); Welder (Rs.4500/- to 6000/-); Tool and
Die Maker (Rs.5000/- to 8000/-)and so on.